From left to right
"Temperature and soot volume fraction profiles" - Soot particles are formed close to the flame front on the rich side - Blanquart, G., Pitsch, H., Fox, R. O., APS/ DFD, Tampa, FL (2006)
"Benzene molecule" - Predicting the formation of the first aromatic species is considered as the most important limiting step in the inception of soot particles.
"Vorticity magnitude profiles" - The high speed swirling annulus flow creates a recirculation zone central to the stability of the flame - Blanquart, G., Pitsch, H., Fox, R. O., APS/ DFD, Tampa, Florida (2006)
"Low Swirl Injector (LSI)" - Complex injector geometries including swirled vanes and central screens are represented with Immersed Boundaries (IB) for improved accuracy and efficiency - Blanquart, G., Knudsen, E., Pitsch, H., APS/DFD, Minneapolis, MN (2009)
"Flame visualization" - Hydrocarbon fuel is injected in a liquid form, atomizes into droplets, evaporates, burns, and finally leads to the formation of pollutants - Courtesy of Prof. Edwards - Stanford University
"Density profile in a Helium plume" - Small scale structures are formed due to Rayleigh-Taylor instabilities and ultimately leads to large scale puffing cycles.
"Mixture fraction - progress variable fluctuations" - Lean premixed hydrogen flames are subject to thermo-diffusive instabilities - Courtesy of Dr Day (LBNL) - Blanquart, G., Knudsen, E., Pitsch, H., APS/DFD, Minneapolis, MN (2009)
"Torsional potential of styrene" - Themodynamic properties of large aromatic species are sensitive to internal degrees of rotations - Blanquart, G. Pitsch, H. J. Phys. Chem. A (2007)
"Flame visualization" - Low Swirl Injectors create a stable lifted flame characterized by low emissions and high efficiency - Courtesy of Dr. Chen (LBNL)